Orthodontics or Braces

What is Orthodontics?
The tooth-jaw anomalies involve not only the rough location of the teeth, they often represent a combination of the following offenses: relative position of violation of the size of the upper and lower jaws (skeletal anomalies) forms of violations of the dental arches, irregular position of teeth in a row (anomalies of the teeth) dysfunction of the tongue, lips, abnormal swallowing, mouth breathing, bad habits – thumb sucking, etc., which are often the cause of tooth-jaw anomalies and are a factor of instability of orthodontic treatment (functional impairment).
Thus, the objectives of orthodontic treatment at the present stage of scientific development are: harmonious development of the facial skeleton, the aesthetics of the face flat position of the teeth in the dental series, occlusion of the right, the aesthetics of a smile,proper function (breathing, tongue, lips, cheeks, no bad habits)

Orthodontic movement of teeth
There are several basic types of tooth movement in orthodontics:
-Rotation – rotate around the singular point of the tooth, called the Centre for Sustainable
-Move – move the corps of the tooth
-Intrusion – “immersion” of the tooth to the bone, the gingiva
-Extrusion – “stretching” of the tooth from the bone
-Inclination – tooth movement in which the combined rotation and movement of the corps of the tooth

Orthodontic movement of teeth
The orthodontic movement of teeth means a slow movement of the teeth to the desired position (for functional and aesthetic reasons) under the action of small forces (up to several grams). From a mathematical point of view, orthodontic tooth movement resembles the motion of a rigid body in a viscous medium.
Moving teeth is due to resorption of bone on one side and the opposite bone formation to fill the resulting free space on the other side. The large magnitude of the effect on teeth can lead to acute inflammation and the integrity of the structures surrounding the tooth tissues.

The theory of small forces in orthodontics
In modern orthodontics, we found that the smaller forces are on the teeth of the bracket system, the faster moving teeth. It’s ironic, but true. Apparently, this feature explains the processes of resorption and regeneration of bone tissue and structures surrounding the tooth.



Moving teeth with braces.
Braces lock that stick to the teeth with vestibular or inner side. They have slots into which an arch is placed and fixed. After an individual has an arch braces, they can feel the pressure on each tooth.
Today’s braces, in combination with rectangular arches allow pressure on the teeth, do not only rotate towards the inside of the mouth or outside, but also cause rotation, tilt, or displacement of dental corps.